Marijuana Legality by State: A Comprehensive Interactive Map

This map was last updated August 1, 2019. Be sure to check the current laws within your municipality.

Marijuana Legality by State Key

Where is marijuana legal in the U.S.? With every state but three legalizing marijuana in at least some form, this country is a little bit greener than a few years ago, but now, there are numerous different state laws on the legalization of recreational marijuana. Legal states like California and Colorado offer widely available dispensaries, while in places like Alabama and Georgia, which are technically medical marijuana states, possession still may lead to felonies.

Each state has its own weed laws. It’s … a little chaotic.

Because there are so many different laws, attitudes, and regulations on cannabis in the United States, we created a legal weed map to help people make sense of the multitude of regulations around what’s still federally, technically, a controlled substance.

How Many States Have Legalized Weed?

So far, there are 11 totalrecreational weed states, but 2020 may lead to a few more joining them. New York, New Mexico, Minnesota, and Illinois are predicted to go fully legal fairly soon. As of now, 47 of the 50 states allow for some form of medical weed.

Every U.S. state except for South Dakota, Nebraska, and Idaho has passed at least some legislation allowing legal medical cannabis use, though many are very, very restrictive.

For instance, low-THC CBD oil is the only legal form of non-medical cannabis in the following states: Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

As of now, 26 out of the 50 states have undergone some decriminalization of weed under the law, whereas others still have very strict laws that resemble the federal norm.

Where Is Weed Legal in the U.S.?

When asking “How many states legalized weed?”, most people are referring to the recreational marijuana states. The states that have legalized marijuana are Alaska, California, Colorado, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington. It’s important to point out that even in states where pot is legal, there are several laws about how much you’re allowed to carry on you, keep in your house, and transport — obviously, driving while high is a bad idea. But there are important differences: Some states, like Vermont, allow only growing in the home, whereas others, like Washington, do not allow for home-growing of cannabis plants except for special circumstances.

A Guide to Marijuana Laws by State

As you can see from our weed map, U.S. marijuana laws can get a little tricky. Besides knowing what states have legalized weed, it’s important to also know some of the most important, nitty-gritty information, like how much you’re allowed to own, whether you can transport it, and who is allowed to partake.

We’re going to take a deep look at the weed laws of each state and go into much more detail than our marijuana map on which places can be dangerous or OK to smoke in.

Alabama

As of now, possession of weed in any amount can be considered a felony in Alabama, resulting in anywhere between a year and 10 years in prison and up to $15,000 in fines. In 2014, the governor signed “Carly’s Law,” permitting non-psychoactive CBD oil to be provided to children experiencing seizures in clinical studies. Fundamentally, weed is illegal in Alabama save for extremely rare situations.

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Alaska

Alaska is one of the states with legal recreational pot, even allowing for dispensaries as of 2014. Adults 21 and older can possess up to an ounce of weed and six plants. In 2017 alone, the state reported more than $1.7 million in tax revenue for marijuana. Here’s more info on the regulations.

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Arizona

Is weed legal in Arizona? Recreational use can result in a felony charge, but the state allows for medical use, with a limit on possession of 2.5 ounces or 12 plants. Medical use is allowed for those with these conditions and an official card:

  • Cancer

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Hepatitis C

  • Glaucoma

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • ALS

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Alzhiemer’s disease

  • PTSD

  • Any condition resulting in wasting syndrome, seizures, severe nausea, severe and chronic pain, or muscle spasms

There also was a push in 2016 for full legalization, but it failed with 48.7% of the vote.

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Arkansas

Though there is an official Arkansas medical marijuana program, it’s considered to be one of the more restrictive in the country, according to the Marijuana Policy Project. There are very few legal places to purchase medical weed, though many people have official ID cards. Recreational possession in small amounts can lead to a year in jail, and the ACLU has reported that enforcement disproportionately affects black Americans in Arkansas.

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California

The first state to legalize medical use of weed in 1996 with the now-famous Proposition 215, California now has a rich history with the substance. In 2016, weed became legal for recreational use, too. Is weed legal in California today? Yes, and the state is home to marijuana cafés and hundreds of dispensaries. But of course, there are limits built into the California weed laws; for instance, you are limited to growing up to six plants, which must be licensed, you can only travel with 1 ounce (or 28 grams), and you can’t smoke in public. The state itself has lots of information and resources on the substance and how it’s regulated.

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Colorado

While California was the first to legalize medical marijuana, Colorado and Washington were the first two states to legalize it for recreational use. Now, Colorado’s weed tourism brings them big bucks. There are limits to the Colorado marijuana laws: As with California, you can grow up to six licensed plants, you can carry up to 1 ounce, and you must not smoke in public. There are other important things to keep in mind if you plan on visiting, too: National parks are off limits, many counties have their own rules for when, where, and if you can smoke, and you should plan to have cash on you because many dispensaries can’t take credit cards.

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Connecticut

Cannabis has been decriminalized in Connecticut, but distributing it still may result in a felony when possessing larger amounts. As of now, there’s a large and robust medical marijuana program with a fairly long list of qualifying medical conditions, including PTSD for adults and epilepsy for minors. Many believe the state will start moving toward legalization, with bills already being brought to committees but not brought up yet for a vote.

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Delaware

In 2020, Delaware will likely put up HB 110, a bill to legalize and regulate recreational marijuana, for a vote. The Delaware Cannabis Policy Coalition is promoting the law. As of now, weed has been decriminalized, with only ridiculously large amounts (50 pounds or more) leading to a felony charge. Medical marijuana is only allowed for those with the following conditions:

  • A terminal illness

  • Cancer

  • PTSD

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • HIV/AIDS

  • ALS/Lou Gehrig’s Disease

  • Decompensated cirrhosis

  • Intractable epilepsy

  • Autism with aggressive or self-harming behavior

  • Glaucoma

  • Chronic, debilitating migraines

  • Other conditions that cause seizures, wasting syndrome, intractable nausea, or severe pain

Those approved can possess up to six ounces.

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Florida

Is weed legal in Florida? By and large, the answer is no; possession of more than 20 grams can lead to a felony charge. Medical marijuana is legal, allowing up to 2.5 ounces for those with a qualifying condition. There had been a ban on smoking medical weed, but it has since been repealed. It can still be difficult to get legal Florida marijuana, as you will need to have one of these qualifying conditions:

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Georgia

Georgia is one of the most restrictive states for weed, with more than 1 ounce in your possession potentially leading to a felony charge. HB 324 allowed for medical use of CBD oil only, with less than 5% THC content. While it’s decriminalized in some major cities, like Atlanta, approval overall is hard to get. Approval for low-THC oil is available to those with the following conditions:

  • Cancer (restrictions apply)

  • Severe amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • Seizure disorders

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Mitochondrial disease

  • Parkinson’s disease (severe)

  • Sickle cell disease (severe)

  • Tourette’s syndrome

  • Autism spectrum disorder

  • Epidermolysis bullosa

  • Alzheimer’s disease (severe)

  • AIDS

  • Peripheral neuropathy (severe)

  • Intractable pain

  • PTSD

  • Hospice program patients

Penalties for possession have been reduced in Atlanta, Savannah, Clarkston, South Fulton, Forest Park, Kingsland, and Macon-Bibb County.

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Hawaii

Weed in Hawaii is approved only for medical use. Possession in Hawaii has been decriminalized; only very large amounts, one pound or more, can bring a felony charge. There are eight dispensaries in the state, which are available for use with a prescription when you have one of the following:

There is also room in the law for the state department of health to approve specific cases.

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Idaho

Marijuana is not legal in any fashion in the state of Idaho, and possession of more than 3 ounces is a felony.

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Illinois

As of Jan. 1, 2020, Illinois is due for full legalization of recreational marijuana. It will be limited to 30 grams of raw cannabis or 5 grams of concentrated cannabis for those 21 or older. Smoking publicly and driving under the influence will be illegal. Can’t wait? As of now, you can get medical marijuana in Illinois.

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Indiana

As of now, Indiana allows CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC. This was once only available for those with seizures but is now legal for any use.

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Iowa

Weed is not legal in Iowa. Cannabis oil with less than 3% THC is legal for those with the following conditions:

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Kansas

In 2018, Kansas passed a law allowing CBD products with 0% THC. But there’s a problem; most oils contain at least traces of THC. The law also did not provide any way for patients to get access to these products in the state. Fundamentally, it’s still illegal.

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Kentucky

Essentially, it is illegal in Kentucky. There was a brief legalization of CBD oil for people being treated for epilepsy in clinical trials at the University of Kentucky, but it is not available outside of those parameters. While there was overwhelming approval in the Kentucky House Judiciary Committee, there has been no positive action within the house. Kentuckians will need to wait until 2020.

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Louisiana

Louisiana has a medical marijuana program that’s not very functional, with only two authorized cultivators (Louisiana State University and Southern University) and nine dispensing pharmacies. New Orleans itself has begun the process of decriminalization.

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Maine

Is weed legal in Maine? Yes, it’s one of the cannabis-legal states approved for both recreational and medical use. Locals can keep up to six commercially licensed plants and can carry up to 2.5 ounces (or 71 grams) on them. There is a 10% tax on all commercial marijuana sales. Cultivation and retail sales are being regulated. Note that only some of Maine’s cities and towns have opted in to be able to license businesses.

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Maryland

Marijuana decriminalization efforts have been made — having 10 grams or less is just a civil offense. There is an active medical marijuana program in Maryland, which requires one of the following conditions:

  • Anorexia

  • Wasting syndrome

  • Chronic or severe pain

  • Severe nausea

  • Seizures

  • Severe or persistent spasms

  • Glaucoma

  • PTSD

  • Any other chronic medical condition “which is severe and for which other treatments have been ineffective”

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Massachusetts

Weed is fully legal in Massachusetts! Marijuana legalization started in 2016 with a vote, and the first sales began in 2018. Locals are allowed up to 1 ounce outside of the home and 10 ounces inside of the home (up to six plants). You cannot drive under the influence or have an open container in the passenger seat of your car. Check out more of the Massachusetts marijuana laws for details.

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Michigan

As of 2018, recreational weed usage is legal in the state of Michigan, and recreational dispensaries are due to open in 2020. Locals are allowed 2.5 ounces outside of the home and up to 10 ounces inside of the home, with a limit of 12 plants per household. Note that some communities have opted out.

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Minnesota

Pot is only legal in liquid, pill, or vaporized form for medical use; all smoking is illegal. There are a fair amount of regulations, and these are the qualifying medical conditions:

  • Cancer (causing severe or chronic pain, nausea, or severe wasting)

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Tourette’s syndrome

  • ALS

  • Seizures

  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms

  • Crohn’s disease

  • A terminal illness

  • Any other medical condition approved by the commissioner of health

The state has also begun decriminalization.

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Mississippi

Mississippi has decriminalized possession of small amounts of pot (30 grams or less). CBD oil with less than 0.5% of THC and at least 15% CBD is available for those with epileptic conditions and seizures. Other forms of weed are illegal.

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Missouri

Marijuana has been decriminalized, and the state has a fairly open medical marijuana program. There is a big list of conditions that allow for its prescription, but there is also language freeing doctors to use their own discretion. It can be made available to anyone with a “chronic medical condition that is normally treated with a prescription medications that could lead to physical or psychological dependence” as an alternative to opioids.

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Montana

Montana has a relatively new medical program, but possession of more than 60 grams is a felony. Initiative No. 148 allows for use with the following conditions:

  • Cancer

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Any chronic, debilitating disease causing wasting syndrome, severe or chronic pain, severe nausea, seizures, or muscle spasms

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Nebraska

Marijuana is illegal for both medical and recreation use in Nebraska, but decriminalization has begun — possession of less than one pound is a misdemeanor rather than a felony.

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Nevada

Is marijuana legal in Nevada? Yes, it’s fully legal both for recreational and medical use. Right now, you can go to any of the licensed retailers to buy recreational weed. Nevada allows for six plants per household and possession of one ounce of marijuana or an eighth of an ounce of concentrated cannabis. Visitors should know that you can’t consume it in a public place or drive while using it.

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New Hampshire

Medical marijuana is legal for home cultivation in New Hampshire, and the drug has been decriminalized down to misdemeanors for the first three offenses. Those with a qualifying medical condition can have up to three mature plants, three immature plants, and 12 seedlings. Those conditions include the following:

  • Cancer

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Hepatitis C

  • ALS

  • Muscular dystrophy

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Dhronic pancreatitis

  • Spinal chord injury or disease

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Epilepsy

  • Lupus

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Ulcerative colitis

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

  • Any other condition that causes intraocular pressure, chemo-induced anorexia, wasting syndrome, severe pain that has not responded to other treatment, severe nausea, seizures, or severe muscle spasms

More laws are due to be reviewed in 2020.

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New Jersey

There have been a few unsuccessful attempts at legalizing recreational weed, but medical weed has been approved for locals in New Jersey with the following conditions:

  • Seizure disorders (if resistant to conventional medicine)

  • Epilepsy (if resistant to conventional medicine)

  • Intractable skeletal muscular spasticity (if resistant to conventional medicine)

  • PTSD (if resistant to conventional medicine)

  • Glaucoma (if resistant to conventional medicine)

  • Cancer (if causing severe chronic pain, nausea, or wasting syndrome)

  • HIV/AIDS (if causing severe chronic pain, nausea, or wasting syndrome)

  • ALS

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Terminal cancer

  • Muscular dystrophy

  • IBS

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Any terminal illness

  • Any medical condition approved by the department of health

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New Mexico

A bill for full cannabis legalization for statewide recreational use died in the house, unfortunately. But the state has a fairly robust medical cannabis program. Also, the drug has been somewhat decriminalized, with possession of anything below 8 ounces leading to a misdemeanor rather than a felony. Possession below half an ounce results in a fine rather than jail time. This form must be filled out to get medical marijuana, and patients should have one of the following conditions:

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • ALS

  • Autism spectrum disorder

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Damage to the spinal cord

  • Epilepsy or seizure disorder

  • Friedreich’s ataxia

  • Glaucoma

  • Hepatitis C

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Hospice care

  • Huntington’s disease

  • Inclusion body myositis

  • Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis

  • Lewy body disease

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

  • Opioid use disorder

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Severe anorexia/cachexia

  • Severe chronic pain

  • Spasmodic torticollis (cervical dystonia)

  • Spinal muscular atrophy

  • Ulcerative colitis

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New York

Is weed legal in New York? No, recreational use is not approved, despite the fact that 62% of voters support legalization. Decriminalization has begun in the state, though, with possession of less than eight ounces only being a misdemeanor rather than a felony. Also, there are currently regulations allowing medical marijuana use for the following conditions:

  • Cancer

  • HIV/AIDS

  • ALS

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Spinal cord injury with spasticity

  • Epilepsy

  • IBS

  • Neuropathy

  • Huntington’s disease

  • PTSD

  • Chronic pain that degrades health and functional capability (as an alternative to opioid use)

  • Any severe debilitating or life-threatening condition that causes wasting syndrome, severe or chronic pain, severe nausea, seizures, severe muscle spasms, PTSD, or opioid use disorder

For those who can’t get medical marijuana, New York has a gray zone of legality for CBD oil of less than 0.3% THC.

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North Carolina

CBD oil is the only form of legal weed in North Carolina, and it’s only available to those with intractable epilepsy. That being said, the state has committed to decriminalizing possession of small amounts (1.5 ounces or less is a misdemeanor).

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North Dakota

North Dakota has a medical marijuana program and has decriminalized possession of small amounts. In 2019, the first dispensaries opened. So far, these diseases have been approved for medical marijuana use:

  • A terminal illness

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Alzheimer’s disease or dementia

  • ALS

  • Anorexia/bulimia nervosa

  • Autism spectrum disorder

  • Brain injury

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Decompensated cirrhosis (caused by hepatitis C)

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

  • Endometriosis

  • Epilepsy

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Glaucoma

  • Interstitial cystitis

  • Migraine

  • Neuropathy

  • PTSD

  • Spinal stenosis

  • Tourette’s syndrome

  • Any chronic or debilitating condition with wasting syndrome, severe pain that has not responded to other treatments, intractable nausea, seizures, or severe and persistent muscle spasms

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Ohio

Ohio has decriminalized small amounts of marijuana and has legalized medical use. Ohio’s medical marijuana program allows for use with the following conditions:

  • HIV/AIDS

  • ALS

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Cancer

  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Epilepsy or another seizure disorder

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Glaucoma

  • Hepatitis C

  • IBS

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • PTSD

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Spinal cord disease or injury

  • Tourette’s syndrome

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Ulcerative colitis

  • Pain that is either chronic and severe or intractable

A legalization proposal for recreational use failed in 2015, and many individual cities have removed penalties for cannabis misdemeanors.

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Oklahoma

In 2018, the state legalized medical use of cannabis. It now has one of the largest programs in the nation, with 83,458 licenses issued. This is possibly because the program requires an application rather than any specific medical conditions.

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Oregon

Weed is fully legal in Oregon, with a limit of four plants per household. Visitors can buy up to one ounce of usable marijuana, 5 grams of extracts or concentrates, 16 ounces of solid cannabinoid product, 72 fluid ounces of any liquid cannabinoid product, 10 marijuana seeds, or four immature marijuana plants. Read up on the Oregon marijuana laws to find other restrictions, and check out this map of licensed operations.

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Pennsylvania

Several cities have decriminalized possession of small amounts of pot, like Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, PA. Medical marijuana is available for the following conditions:

  • ALS

  • Autism

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Brain-spinal cord damage

  • Dyskinetic and spastic movement disorders

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Huntington’s disease

  • IBS

  • Intractable seizures

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Neurodegenerative diseases

  • Neuropathies

  • Opioid use disorder (when conventional therapy is ineffective)

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • PTSD

  • Severe chronic or intractable pain

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Any terminal illness

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Rhode Island

The state has decriminalized possession of less than one ounce, but any more than an ounce can result in a felony. Those with these conditions are allowed access to medical marijuana in Rhode Island:

  • Cancer

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Hepatitis C

  • Any chronic or debilitating disease that produces wasting syndrome, severe, debilitating, or chronic pain, severe nausea, seizures, severe muscle spasms, or agitation related to Alzheimer’s disease

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South Carolina

Only CBD oil with less than 0.9% THC is allowed for medical use, and that is only specifically allowed for children with severe epilepsy. Possession of one ounce or less is a misdemeanor, but any more is a felony.

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South Dakota

Weed is not legal in any way in South Dakota; possession of 2 ounces or less is a misdemeanor, and any more than that is a felony.

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Tennessee

CBD with less than 0.9% THC is technically available to those with certain conditions, like epilepsy, but the law does not offer the opportunity to buy the oil legally within the state. Some municipalities have pushed toward decriminalization, like Nashville and Memphis, but there is a long way to go as far as weed law reform, which is on ice until 2020.

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Texas

Is weed legal in Texas? Definitely not, as only CBD oil with less than 0.5% THC is legal for medical use, and only for those with serious seizure conditions. A bill is moving across desks to expand availability to people with more conditions, like cancer and PTSD.

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Utah

There is a somewhat restrictive medical program for marijuana use, allowing use for those with the following conditions:

Patients can also petition a “compassionate use” board to qualify.

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Vermont

Pot is legal in Vermont, with a limit of two mature plants and four immature plants within the home, but it is not legal for retail sales. Medical marijuana is available for sale, though.

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Virginia

CBD or THC-A cannabis oil with less than 5% THC can be prescribed for any condition as of 2018. Legalization and decriminalization bills have been largely defeated by committees.

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Washington

Washington was one of the first two states (the other being Colorado) to fully legalize recreational weed. It’s been legal since 2012 and has brought in millions in taxes. Home growing remains illegal except for medical purposes. Adults age 21 and older can get up to one ounce of useable marijuana, 16 ounces of edibles in solid form, 72 ounces in liquid form, and 7 grams of liquid concentrates at a time. It’s also illegal to consume publicly. Check out The Stranger’s visitor guide to smoking marijuana in Washington.

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West Virginia

West Virginia has a fairly robust medical cannabis program, which, according to SB 386, allows for prescriptions for the following conditions:

  • Cancer

  • HIV/AIDS

  • ALS

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Damage to nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity

  • Epilepsy

  • Neuropathies

  • Huntington’s disease

  • Crohn’s disease

  • PTSD

  • Intractable seizures

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Severe chronic or intractable pain of neuropathic origin

  • Severe chronic or intractable pain for which conventional therapies have not been effective

  • Any terminal illness

Medical marijuana is illegal in its flower/plant form, so patients tend to get oils, liquids, or pills.

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Wisconsin

As of now, CBD oil is the only available form of marijuana for seizure-causing conditions, though motions toward decriminalization and reform have been made by the governor and rebuffed. Either way, it looks like the law may change very soon.

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Wyoming

While Wyoming technically allows the use of CBD oil to treat seizures, it provides no means to access it inside the state legally. In 2018, rather than moving toward decriminalization, the legislature tried to increase marijuana penalties.

If you want to learn more about weed laws in your state or get involved locally, know that you have a lot of resources at your disposal. If you’re in a weed-legal state, you can find legal cannabis products near you with WeedMaps or consider becoming a supplier or producer with the National Cannabis Industry Association. Be sure to learn what you can about how to sell marijuana products without breaking the law. If you’re in a weed-illegal state, you can do your part in pushing legislators toward common-sense medical marijuana laws with the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (or NORML), the Drug Policy Alliance, or the Marijuana Policy Project. We hope our state-by-state guide and legal weed map has helped make a confusing topic a little bit more clear!

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Marijuana Legality by State: The Quick-Reference Infographic

This map was last updated August 1, 2019. Be sure to check the current laws within your municipality.

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